Mesmerizing Gold Jewellery From Queen Nefertiti’s Time Located in Cyprus

A valuable-gem-studded “lotus flower” pendant equivalent to a person worn by ancient Egypt’s Queen Nefertiti has been unearthed in a set of tombs in Cyprus.

The pendant is one particular of hundreds of opulent grave goods from all-around the Mediterranean region that have been uncovered at the site, which includes gemstones, ceramics and jewellery.


Archaeologists from the New Swedish Cyprus Expedition initial unearthed the two Bronze Age tombs, the two underground chambers, in the ancient city of Hala Sultan Tekke in 2018.

A person hundred and fifty 5 human continues to be and 500 funerary goods were being identified in the tombs, positioned in levels on major of one particular a further, suggesting that the burial chambers have been employed more than numerous generations.

The lotus-formed pendant. (Peter Fischer, Teresa Bürge)

“The finds suggest that these are spouse and children tombs for the ruling elite in the city,” excavation leader Peter Fischer, professor emeritus of historic studies at the University of Gothenburg in Sweden, reported in a statement.

“For example, we found the skeleton of a 5-calendar year-previous with a gold necklace, gold earrings and a gold tiara. This was almost certainly a kid of a effective and rich family.”

GoldenNecklaceForAChildThe kid’s necklace. (Peter Fischer, Teresa Bürge)

Relevant: In pictures: The everyday living and loss of life of King Tut

The grave products contain jewellery and other keepsakes manufactured of goldsilver, bronze and ivory, as effectively as vessels from different cultures.

“We also uncovered a ceramic bull,” Fischer explained. “The system of this hollow bull has two openings: one on the back to fill it with a liquid, probable wine, and a person at the nose to drink from. Apparently, they experienced feasts in the chamber to honor their dead.”


In the meantime, other grave goods bundled a pink carnelian gemstone from India, a blue lapis lazuli gemstone from Afghanistan and amber from all around the Baltic Sea – valuables indicating that Bronze Age folks in Cyprus took part in a wide investing network.

Archaeologists also found proof of trade with ancient Egypt, such as gold jewelry, scarabs (beetle-shaped amulets sporting hieroglyphs) and the continues to be of fish imported from the Nile Valley, in accordance to the statement.

The archaeological team dated the gold jewelry by evaluating it with similar finds from Egypt. “The comparisons exhibit that most of the objects are from the time of Nefertiti and her husband Echnaton [also spelled Akhenaten, the father of King Tutankhamun]”, all-around 1350 BCE, Fischer stated.

“Like a gold pendant we identified: a lotus flower with inlaid gemstones. Nefertiti wore similar jewellery.”

The excavation team also uncovered a cylinder-shaped seal crafted from hematite, a mineral with a metallic hue. The seal bears a cuneiform inscription from Mesopotamia (modern day-working day Iraq) that archaeologists deciphered.

CylinderShapedHematiteSealThe hematite seal (l) a scarab with hieroglyphs. (Peter Fischer, Teresa Bürge)

“The textual content is composed of 3 traces and mentions a few names. Just one is Amurru, a god worshiped in Mesopotamia. The other two are historic kings, father and son, who we not too long ago succeeded in monitoring down in other texts on clay tablets from the similar period, i.e., the 18th century BCE,” Fischer explained.

“We are at this time seeking to figure out why the seal finished up in Cyprus, far more than 1,000 kilometers [620 miles] from the place it was created.”


An assessment of the ceramic wares in the tombs confirmed that the types in which they have been crafted altered around time, which also assisted day the findings, Fischer claimed. 

Upcoming, the archaeologists plan to analyze the DNA of the skeletons interred in the tombs. “This will expose how the diverse persons are related with each and every other and if there are immigrants from other cultures, which is just not unlikely considering the extensive trade networks,” Fischer explained.

Associated articles:

In images: Early Bronze Age chariot burial 

Pics: Ancient burial of elite customers of nomadic tribe 

Graphic gallery: Historic treasure trove learned in Russia 

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